GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is a digital cellular technology used for mobile communication in Canada and worldwide. In Canada, GSM technology is primarily used by the major wireless carriers, including Rogers, Bell, and Telus, and their respective subsidiaries.
GSM technology operates on the radio spectrum, which is divided into frequency bands. In Canada, GSM uses the 850 MHz and 1900 MHz frequency bands for voice and data communication. The technology uses digital signal processing to convert voice and data into digital signals, which are then transmitted over the airwaves to a nearby base station or cell tower.
In a GSM network, the core infrastructure consists of several components, including the Mobile Switching Center (MSC), Base Station Subsystem (BSS), and Network Subsystem (NSS). The MSC is the central hub of the network, responsible for routing calls and data between the mobile devices and other parts of the network. The BSS includes the base stations and cell towers, which transmit and receive signals from the mobile devices. The NSS is responsible for managing the network’s authentication, billing, and security functions.
GSM technology in Canada supports several advanced features, including text messaging (SMS), multimedia messaging (MMS), and mobile internet access. The technology also supports advanced calling features, such as call waiting, call forwarding, and conference calling.
GSM technology has evolved over the years, and newer versions of the technology, such as 3G and 4G LTE, have been introduced to support faster data speeds and more advanced features. In Canada, the major wireless carriers have deployed these newer technologies alongside GSM to provide faster and more reliable wireless communication.
In summary, GSM technology is used in wireless networks in Canada to provide voice and data communication services to mobile devices. The technology uses digital signal processing and operates on specific frequency bands to transmit signals over the airwaves. GSM networks in Canada support several advanced features, including text and multimedia messaging, mobile internet access, and advanced calling features.